A History of Paraguay
By Baruja, Paiva & Pinto

Chapter 20

By constitutional preference, Dr. Luis González Macchi, the President of the Senate, assumed the position of President of the Republic. It is still to be seen whether his position will correspond until the end of the presidential term, or if he is only temporary. At the time of the closing of the web page, it is under the jurisdiction of the Supreme Justice Court to determine the situation.

The politicians, threatened by the barbarism Oviedist were under the citizen's protection which worthily offered its collaboration to keep the state of law, assumed a worthy posture of such dramatic acts, forming a government of a national coalition, where the three major parties' politicians negotiated by means of satisfied government.

t was neither a gracious concession of the Colorado Party. All the political sectors united, and had active participation to displace the power to this totalitarian group. Also, the Colorados, breaking off the same party, before the internal crisis which conducted the nation through an impossible and critical spiral of social crisis, where they imposed their struggle for power between dictatorial people and business men; had dragged the same party almost to plain politics. The Colorado party, used to imposing, and reluctant to make pacts with other parties, realized this transcendental step, for the reasons mentioned, but we believe that they would allow purification of their lines. The factious groups probably without counting the option of taking advantage of this powerful party, it as well insatiably nourished of the state; without possibility to keep following with it, will indefectibly be expelled of its womb. We wait that this aptitude will be revolutionary for the party, again allowing popular young politicians, and with true capacities and ideological and political convictions; and will go on renovating undoing itself from the submission to the whims and interests of those in favor.

The young and all the citizens (in a mostly-Asunción proportion), conformed by members of all political parties, by non-political sectors, and actives forces in general, and protected by the Catholic Church which sheltered many brave citizens in the Cathedral, along with the farmers and the workers, succeeded in breaking the predominant influence of the one party of almost 60 years, which the politicians did not succeed in all the democratic transition of 10 years.

But one must analyze harshly. The country areas of the nation did not react in the same way at the capital and metropolitan populations.

It is fundamental that the politicians insist in such an important fraction and of tremendous electoral weight, which passively watched the successes of the capital. Also, many rural sectors were not even aware of what had happened.

Another worry is that although it was an inorganic phenomena, spontaneous and numerous, she was not supported by well organized unions, but for a few exceptions. It is fundamental that the student unions in organic form possessed the most capacity of reaction and compromise, hanging material in the formation of future generations. This reorganization should be driven forward in active and effective form.

Hanging and Urgent Obligations - Reconstructing the Fatherland once and for all

It is hard reorganizing the country, especially when she is already several steps behind in her own history of the nations. After all these years, 1999 surprised the country with a glimmer of hope to emerge definitively toward her supported progress and the advancing of the living conditions.

We are waiting for concrete direction or will of the central government to set the course for the future of the nation coming to the end of the century, the nation shows an aspect of lacking and weaknesses, existing problems which require more than urgency, has passed the state of common crisis, as is a demographic explosion, the lack of assistance in education and health, the lack of equal distribution of land to the laborers, the sanitary cover, of treated waters, the depredation of the forests, of the fauna, the contamination of the environment, the invasion of Brazilian colonists of enormous extensions of the land, the loss of national culture, the indiscriminate contraband, the narcotics traffic, the auto traffic, the uncontrollable delinquency, the lack of basic means of communications, the unchecked and striking corruption, the lack of order and agreement between the heirs of the old regimen, and the lack of jobs almost to the point of desperation, by which the nation continues to be run by the groups of politicians interested in negotiating, which will hopefully be displaced once and for all from power. We hope that the direction of the Republic's institution will prioritize until the passing of power in August of 2003.

The country for its immediate future will require an urgent solution to these problems, because the conditions of globalization, in this "new" conception of regionalization which is the Mercosur, puts the nation's situation in a very sad state, in the regional context. They can't even offer quality work to cover the jobs in this macro market, due to the deficiency of the technical and superior formation. The country gave neither the minimal conditions nor internal guarantees to implant the foreign capital in the territory, and all those who wished to cover this global market, installed in the adyacencias to the country, due to its small size, and does not deserve much strategic interest. If this does not offer valid options, the neighboring nations will simply produce merchandise, and the nation will converts into a mere and net market consumer of second category. They do not produce anything in considerable proportions, with the exception of basic materials such as soy or cotton, or the production of meat from the large haciendas. No product of added worth leaves the nation in acceptable quantities, so that they obtain currencies that resolve the same provided to the few exceptional companies that took root on our ground, are limited to third or fourth level places. The technicians of average control or specialized find work in neighboring nations because the jobs in the country are downgraded to much inferior and low jobs.

The country cannot offer services, because the knowledge of technology and qualified capacity are at elementary levels. The industrialist class, for years sucking in the benefits of the dictatorship, before the opening of the market, are seen in the grave dilemma of getting itself out of the comfortable cart to support a system totally out of phase and putrid, to face this challenge, which leaves it in immeasurable disadvantages. To maintain itself, it should demand, and to demand it should have a market, and as such is nonexistent, by the economic recession, and enter foreign markets as little as possible, by the dimensions of the local industries, and by the quality of the products offered.

They have overcome and annulled the protective barriers, and the internal market is more miserable every time, critical and extremely poor. The economic rudder keeps chaining and depending on the electoral mass of public workers to those who earn the access to power of the Colorado party. Like this, the actual circumstances, should separate this perverse situation. We are on the edge of the precipice, while other nations of the region try to recuperate from the ominous times of their respective dictatorships with progress, plans, and clear objectives; lamentably in ours the things are muddled.

There are many needs in the Republic of Paraguay. The youth in very little time, before this crossroads, with the black horizon, will begin to exceed and it is very probably that social explosions will occur with unthinkable consequences which the political class has the obligation to foreshadow. The nation should begin to develop, because one cannot even say "before it's too late," because it has been awhile since it was too late; and now it is the time in which we must run all, to try to reach its height in history, to our reality, which assigned a while ago a place that the inhabitants of this republic did not deserve. Already too many youth are increasing the lines of the unoccupied, and too many opt for leaving the nation for its neighbor Argentina, forcing the economic "floor."

And in wait, what there is in the long road walked

There is a silent class in Paraguay that fights in the shadows, stoically, without rest, with honor, with dignity, with much force to advance, and better the conditions and expectations of life in the country. This group of people, without having to be afraid, for years was contributing its small grain of sand in the titanic effort to take its nation out of the darkness, will not waver. Never lowered its arms, nor will ever lower them.

One will always find it fighting, tozudamente, determinedly, without making much noise, without offending, without fighting frontally, empecinando in twisting the sad defeat in which the nation is found in. this class, has hope, has dreams, in it nests a thought, the day that it can see a country modern, rich, and at the height that it deserves, and it corresponds to be, with families, with men and women, reaping its fruits of daily labor, and said to live in peace with its neighbor, with its brother, free of those stupid prejudices that during so many years the system of coexistence made us think, forever erasing the blind fanaticism, exclusive and empty.

Privileged by nature, this land does not deserve to keep supporting this, this tendal of lack of flavor, misfortunes and disillusions. The barbarism of the manipulation of man to quench hunger, like the political urge, the blind vote, the beastly fanaticism, so preposterous and that unashamedly happens in Paraguay even today, even until a little while ago, will end. It is ending.

You and I, together we will do it. We will definitely exile to its guaridas and mousetraps to the prepotente class, alienante y exploliadora, and we will unite with all the Paraguayans and foreigners that live on this land to strengthen it with work, effort, and dedication, whether we be managers or workers, men or women, adults, youth or children. That day will come sooner or later. And Paraguay will finally be redeemed of such ingrate, miserable and dark history.

In a nation, where at the end of the 20th century, should have been offered a healthy youth, cultured and prepared, with means and expectations of reasonably worthy lives, much the same as any moderately modern nation, we keep confronting stupid internal fights, that the ruling class presents and imposes upon us, like leit motiv of our daily living. We should destroy this at any cost.

Remembrance, Loor to the Martyrs, to the Fighters of Yesterday, of Today and of Forever.
(By Victor Luis Baruja R.)

This may clash with what I have written. No matter. I will be more personal. You have the right to reject it; or be offended, get annoyed or disqualify it. But I assure you that we are many that are filled at heart by happiness for the act that you can think, argue, speak, write or protest. If you do not know, or do not remember, it has been nine years (the year 1999 runs), Paraguay was almost a cadaver; surviving, cold, without feeling, without thoughts, with signs of nothing, in a comatose state. Only a small pulse was detected, barely any vital signs. We the people that lived on this land were only machines of miserable production and distribution, to keep our taxes a machinery of unquenchable thieves. And if you do not remember, think, remember the fear. The terrible fear that penetrated our veins and grew stronger through our bodies, through our souls. That fear we felt since we woke up until we lay down, that ran through our veins, through our dreams. It drowned our joys, and covered us with a mantle of crude silence. This fear, the cruelest of all. Remember. Remember the fear to THINK. That fear is no longer with us. We have defeated that fear. We have overcome. It's gone. It is no longer here. Who expelled it from our hearts, from our bodies? It wasn't the cannon shots of Rodríguez. It was the shouts or the still silence buy incólume of thousands of Paraguayans and foreigners, who have fought all these years. We owe it to them.

To those who are still here, and to those who are no longer here. This is in recognition of eternal gratitude. For the perseverance, the indifference to pleasure or pain, and the dignity. I will not name them. I cannot name all of them, so many there are. Thank you, sirs of my fatherland, brave men of their time.

I am a countryman, who embraces a dream. One day, the sun surprises the waking of my children, with a glimmer of hope, word and happiness, in a just nation, with neither violence nor abuse.

LONG LIVE PARAGUAY. LONG LIVE LIBERTY. LONG LIVE THE RIGHT TO THINK. LONG LIVE THE BRAVE MEN OF MY LAND. LIKE LIONS THEY HAVE FOUGHT, AND THE TRUE PLAYERSS, HAVE SILENTLY RETIRED WITH A HERGUIDA FRONT, TO LICK ITS WOUNDS. WE MUST NOW FIGHT AND CONVINCE OURSELVES THAT THE FATHERLAND IS FINALLY OURS. THAT THE MEMORY OF OUR MARTYRS EXILE FOREVER THE MILITARISM, THE BLIND FANATICISM AND THE SUBMISSION OF THE INSTITUTIONALITY OF THE NATION TO THE GLASSES OF GROUPS OF ECONOMIC POWERS. DO NOT STEAL ANY LONGER FROM THE PEOPLE. BECAUSE IN MEMORY OF THEM, WE TODAY, ARE PLAYERS, AND WE WILL NOT ALLOW IT. LET US TOGETHER BUILD OUR FUTURE DEMANDING OUR CLAIMS. NOT ONE DROP OF BLOOD WILL EVER DROP BY POLITICAL QUESTIONS. NEVER MORE THE IMPUNIDAD.

NEVER AGAIN REPRESSION. NEVER AGAIN PREBENDARISM. NEVER AGAIN MONEY OF THE PEOPLE WASTED LAUGHABLY IN POLITICAL PROSELTISM. THE PUBLIC STATE TREASURY IS SACRED, LIKE THE MEMORY OF OUR DEAD, BECAUSE IT IS OUR DAILY SWEAT.

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